How Aquaponics Helps in Protecting the Environment!
Over the past few years, GMO crops, climate change and overpopulation has threatened the planet’s food production. Many experts consider home aquaponics as the perfect solution to this problem. By definition, aquaponics is a planned system that manages plant growth with wastes produced by aquatic animals and farmed fishes. The plants are grown hydroponically. With time, these plants purify water. Aquaponics is gaining plenty of attention. Today, it is identified as a sustainable farming technique. It can solve many problems we are likely to face in near future. This includes issues like potable water, climate change, fuel shortage, urban growth and depleted soils.
What is Home Aquaponics?
Home aquaponics is a diverse topic. There is so much to explore and experience. It focuses on several agri-aquaculture techniques, water waste clean-up methods and remediation of aquaculture effluents. It plays an integral role in the production of renewable energy. In fact, aquaponics can be used in local/urban food production too. The techniques have become extremely famous in the United States and other “green” countries. In the commercial scale, aquaponics is related to a common business strategy – “Profit, Planet and People”. It is a way of providing rich and healthy foods to the community. In the longer run, aquaponics is capable of reducing our ecological footprint in food production and agriculture. That means, aquaponics will contribute to economic growth and the strength of our community.
What is our Natural Ecosystem?
Sustainable techniques like aquaponics work by mimicking the natural ecosystem.
Our ecosystem is a collection of complex organisms that interact with the environment and each other.
All our food supplies depend on the ecosystem. That means, we need a healthy and a reliable ecosystem for good food. Healthy interactions between fungi, bacteria, plants, insects and livestock are required for optimal food production. Additionally, the production of food requires fertile soil, freshwater and ideal climatic conditions.
Benefits of Aquaponics
During aquaponics farming practices, all forms of fish waste are converted into nutrients. Worms and microbes play an important role in this conversion. These nutrients are used to fertilize plants. Here are few interesting benefits of home aquaponics:
- Unlike aquaculture and hydroponic practices, aquaponics doesn’t depend on artificial fertilizers or chemicals. In fact, you don’t have to worry about disposing wastes too! Fish waste is identified as a rich source of nutrients. It doesn’t contribute to carbon emissions and is environmental-friendly. (chemical fertilizers consume more than 2% of the planet’s energy, contributes to 33% of greenhouse gases).
- When compared against conventional farming methods, Aquaponics requires 90% less water. This means there will be more fresh water around us.
- With proper aquaponics techniques, we will be able to grow healthy fishes and eradicate the depletion of fish species. The healthy fishes will not have any mercury or radiation contamination. (according to recent studies, more than 70% of the world’s healthy fisheries are depleting)
- Aquaponics is a healthy and a natural way of growing plants. You will be able to use these plants as food for the fishes. And, these fishes are bound to be healthy.