How to make your own DIY aquaponics garden?
DIY aquaponics is the process of raising edible fishes and vegetables without soil. According to experts, this is a revolutionary way of harvesting food. When compared against traditional forms of agriculture, aquaponics is productive and reliable. It is a self-sufficient assembly of animals and plants that can form an ecosystem. Aquaponics systems don’t produce waste or pollute the environment.
If you wish to buy a DIY home aquaponics system, you must be aware of few basic components. Every aquaponics unit should have these components. However, the components can be customized to suit your goals and requirements. For example, people in freezing temperatures build DIY aquaponics systems in greenhouses. This keeps the aquaponics system going!
Step #1 – The Tank
For a home aquaponics garden, you must have a “Tank” that can support at least a pound of fishes for every gallon of water. If you don’t want the system to lose its balance, you must stock 1 fish for every 10 gallons of water. Beginners can start with 55-gallon barrels. The best choice for a huge aquaponics tank would be above-ground swimming pools (vinyl).
Step #2 – The Vegetation
Next, you should decide on the grow bed. Aquaponics plants need water resistant containers. These containers would carry the soilless medium. There are so many aquaponics supplies for this purpose. Also, there are plenty of DIY strategies. The simplest way to build a water-resistant container is with shallow wooden boxes. Pick boxes that are 6 to 10 inches deep. Line the boxes with pond liners. The boxes must be filled with inert growing ingredients. This includes fine gravel or perlite. One of the fanciest medium for growing vegetables would be “Coco Coir”. It is used by professionals as a part of their green formulas. Coco Coir is used for its ability to retain moisture and air.
Step #3 – The Pumps
The best thing about aquaponics systems would be the part where plants filter fish wastes. This mechanism lets plants thrive in huge tanks without adding/changing the water. Meanwhile, fish waste is a great fertilizer for most vegetables and herbs. This is where pumps and hardware come into the picture. You need a pump to circulate water inside the self-sustaining aquaponics system. If you opt for solar-powered hardware and pumps, the entire system will be absolutely self-sufficient. However, piping and pumps can be very tricky in aquaponics systems. You must network the pumps very carefully to make the entire system work. Additionally, you should install an aerator in the tank to circulate oxygen.
Step #4 – The Fishes
The talk about aquaponics systems will remain incomplete without “fishes”. There are so many different types of fishes to choose from. Tilapias are used in most small-scale DIY aquaponics systems. These are tropical species that can survive in diverse conditions. Likewise, you can opt for catfishes! High density aquaculture units raise catfishes without any issues. The Yellow Perch is an option for people who live in cold conditions.
Step #5 – Putting Everything Together
Finally, you must put the entire home aquaponics system together! You should find a sunny, flat space (or greenhouse) for the structure.